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Aliases: Dawlat Qatar, State of Qatar

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Object «Qatar» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 11,586 km²
Continent Asia
Land area 11,586 km²
Water area 0 km²
Land boundaries 87 km
Border countries
  • Saudi Arabia
Coastline 563 km
Mean elevation 28 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 103 m
Population 2,444,174
Official languages
  • Arabic
Religion Muslim
Long country name State of Qatar
Short country name Qatar
Long local name Dawlat Qatar
Short local name Qatar
Former name Add
Government type Absolute monarchy
Capital Doha
GDP (PPP) 339,500,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 166,900,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 1.6 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 124,100 USD
Gross national saving 50.2 % of GDP
Labor force 1,953,000
Unemployment rate 8.9 %
Population below poverty line Add
Budget revenues 44,100,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 53,820,000,000 USD
Military expenditures Add
Taxes and other revenues 26.4 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -5.8 % of GDP
Public debt 53.8 % of GDP
Inflation rate 0.4 %
Central bank discount rate 5 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.95 %
Stock of narrow money 34,710,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 34,710,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 246,700,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 142,600,000,000 USD
Current account balance 6,426,000,000 USD
Exports 67,500,000,000 USD
Imports 30,770,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 15,010,000,000 USD
External debt 167,800,000,000 USD
National currency Qatari rials
National currency (code) QAR
National currency (symbol)
National currency rate to USD 3.64

Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar within the last 60 years transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. Former Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, who overthrew his father in a bloodless coup in 1995, ushered in wide-sweeping political and media reforms, unprecedented economic investment, and a growing Qatari regional leadership role, in part through the creation of the pan-Arab satellite news network Al-Jazeera and Qatar's mediation of some regional conflicts. In the 2000s, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia and by 2007 had attained the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar did not experience domestic unrest or violence like that seen in other Near Eastern and North African countries in 2011, due in part to its immense wealth. In mid-2013, HAMAD peacefully abdicated, transferring power to his son, the current Amir TAMIM bin Hamad. TAMIM is popular with the Qatari public, having prioritized improving the domestic welfare of Qataris, including establishing advanced healthcare and education systems and expanding the country's infrastructure in anticipation of Doha's hosting of the 2022 World Cup. Recently, Qatar’s relationships with its neighbors have been tense. Following the outbreak of regional unrest in 2011, Doha prided itself on its support for many popular revolutions, particularly in Libya and Syria. This stance was to the detriment of Qatar’s relations with Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which temporarily recalled their respective ambassadors from Doha in March 2014. TAMIM later oversaw a warming of Qatar’s relations with Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE in November 2014 following Kuwaiti mediation and signing of the Riyadh Agreement. This reconciliation, however, was short-lived. In June 2017, Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE (the "Quartet") cut diplomatic and economic ties with Qatar in response to alleged violations of the agreement, among other complaints. This impasse continues.

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