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Aliases: Argentine Republic, Republica Argentina

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Object «Argentina» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 2,780,400 km²
Continent South America
Land area 2,736,690 km²
Water area 43,710 km²
Land boundaries 11,968 km
Border countries
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Paraguay
  • Uruguay
Coastline 4,989 km
Mean elevation 595 m
Lowest point -105 m
Highest point 6,962 m
Population 45,479,118
Official languages
  • Spanish
Religion Nominally Roman Catholic
Long country name Argentine Republic
Short country name Argentina
Long local name Republica Argentina
Short local name Argentina
Former name Add
Government type Presidential republic
Capital Buenos Aires
GDP (PPP) 922,100,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 637,600,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 2.9 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 20,900 USD
Gross national saving 17.6 % of GDP
Labor force 18,000,000
Unemployment rate 8.4 %
Population below poverty line 25.7 %
Budget revenues 120,600,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 158,600,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 0.86 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 18.9 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -6 % of GDP
Public debt 57.6 % of GDP
Inflation rate 25.7 %
Central bank discount rate Add
Commercial bank prime lending rate 26.58 %
Stock of narrow money 62,610,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 62,610,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 219,400,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 56,130,000,000 USD
Current account balance -31,320,000,000 USD
Exports 58,450,000,000 USD
Imports 63,970,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 55,330,000,000 USD
External debt 214,900,000,000 USD
National currency Argentine pesos
National currency (code) ARS
National currency (symbol) $
National currency rate to USD 16.92

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political unrest and conflict between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. The years 2003-15 saw Peronist rule by Nestor and Cristina FERNANDEZ de KIRCHNER, whose policies isolated Argentina and caused economic stagnation. With the election of Mauricio MACRI in November 2015, Argentina began a period of reform and international reintegration.

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There were 3 edits, no edits waiting approval. Last edited by ciara11(4635), Sep 14, 2019 (one field was changed)
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