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Comparisons / Comparison of Canon PowerShot SX40 HS and Pentax X90

Comparison of Canon PowerShot SX40 HS and Pentax X90 [S]ave

Attribute
Canon PowerShot SX40 HS
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Pentax X90
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General
ModelCanon PowerShot SX40 HSPentax X90
BrandCanonPentax
Manufacturer urlhttps://www.usa.canon.com/https://us.ricoh-imaging.com/
Model numberSX40 HSX90
Camera formatEVFEVF
Release year (year)20112010
Tripod mount++
Length (mm)123112
Width (mm)108109
Height (mm)9284
Weight (g)606438
Waterproof--
PredecessorCanon SX30 ISPentax X70
SuccessorCanon SX50S-
Image Sensor
Sensor typeCMOSCCD
Effective megapixels (MP)12.1012.10
Sensor format1/2.3 inch1/2.33 inch
Sensor area (mm²)28.0728.20
Sensor width (mm)6.176.13
Sensor height (mm)4.554.60
Approximate pixel pitch (micron)1.541.53
Aspect ratio4:34:3, 16:9
Color filter typeRGBGRGBG
Self-cleaning--
Sensor shift image stabilization-+
On-sensor phase detect--
Image Capture
Image resolution
  • 1200 x 1200(1.4 mp 1:1)
  • 1600 x 1064(1.7 mp 3:2)
  • 1600 x 1200(1.9 mp 4:3)
  • 1920 x 1080(2.1 mp 16:9)
  • 2112 x 2112(4.5 mp 1:1)
  • 2816 x 1584(4.5 mp 16:9)
  • 2816 x 1880(5.3 mp 3:2)
  • 2992 x 2992(9.0 mp 1:1)
  • 4000 x 2248(9.0 mp 16:9)
  • 4000 x 2664(10.7 mp 3:2)
  • 4000 x 3000(12.0 mp 4:3)
  • 480 x 480(0.2 mp 1:1)
  • 640 x 424(0.3 mp other)
  • 640 x 480(0.3 mp 4:3)
  • 1024 x 768(0.8 mp 4:3)
  • 2048 x 1536(3.1 mp 4:3)
  • 2592 x 1944(5.0 mp 4:3)
  • 2992 x 2992(9.0 mp 1:1)
  • 3072 x 2304(7.1 mp 4:3)
  • 4000 x 2256(9.0 mp other)
  • 4000 x 2672(10.7 mp 3:2)
  • 4000 x 3000(12.0 mp 4:3)
  • 640 x 480(0.3 mp 4:3)
Image file format
  • jpeg (exif 2.2)
  • jpeg (exif 2.2)
Continuous-mode (fps)10.301.20
Video Capture
Can take movies++
Movie resolution
  • 1280x720
  • 1920x1080
  • 320x240
  • 640x480
  • 1280x720
  • 320x240
  • 640x480
Movie max framerate (fps)30-
Image Storage
Movie file formatMOV (Image: H.264, Audio: Stereo PCM)AVI (Motion JPEG)
Composite video out++
Ntsc/pal switchable video++
Hd video out++
Hd video connectionHDMIHDMI
Lens and Optics
LensCanon Zoom Lens; 13 elements in 10 groups, Ultra Sonic Motor (USM)Pentax; 14 elements in 11 groups with 4 asph. and 3 ED elements
Focal length (35mm equivalent) (mm)24.00 - 840.0026.00 - 676.00
Focal length (actual) (mm)5.006.00
Zoom ratio (x)35.0026.00
Aperture range (f)0.12 - 0.370.20 - 0.36
Integrated nd filter--
Min focus range (cm)540
Macro focus range (cm)0 - 501 - 30
Optical image stabilization+-
Digital zoom++
Digital zoom values (x)
  • 4
  • 6.25
  • 162.5
Auto Focus
Auto focus++
Auto focus typeContrast Detect AF with Face Detection;Contrast detect with Face-priority AF; 9-area Auto, 99-area manual select, center
Auto focus assist light++
Manual focus+-
Viewfinder
ViewfinderEVF / LCDEVF / LCD
Viewfinder typeEVF type; 202K-dot LCD with diopter adjustment of -4 to +1EVF; 200K dots with diopter control
Focus peaking--
Display
Eye-level viewfinder++
Rear display++
Rear display size (inch)2.702.70
Rear display resolution (dots)230,000230,000
Touchscreen--
Articulating screen+-
Tilt swivel screen--
Selfie screen--
Max playback zoom (x)1010
Exposure
Iso settingsAuto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200Auto (80-1600), Digital SR (80-6400*), Manual (80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200*, 6400*) (*3200 and 6400 at 5MP)
Auto iso mode++
White balance settings
  • auto (including face detection wb)
  • cloudy
  • custom. multi-area wb correction available in smart auto
  • daylight
  • flash
  • fluorescent
  • fluorescent h
  • tungsten
  • auto
  • d
  • daylight
  • fluorescent (w
  • manual
  • n)
  • shade
  • tungsten
Shutter speed range (s)1/3200 - 151/4000 - 4
Bulb mode--
Exposure compensation+/- 2.0EV in 0.3EV steps+/- 2.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Explosure metering modesEvaluative, Center-weighted average, Spot (centre or linked to Face Detection AF or FlexiZone AF frame)Multi-segment, Center-weighted, Spot, Spot AF area
Program auto exposure++
Aperture priority++
Shutter priority++
Full manual exposure++
Creative exposure modesCustom1, Custom2, Sports, SCN (Movie Digest, Portrait, Landscape, Smart Shutter(Smile, Wink Self-Timer, FaceSelf-Timer)Sport, Digital SR, Landscape, Flower, Portrait, Backlight, Half Length Portrait (3M), Night Scene, Night Scene Portrait
Self timer (s)
  • 2
  • 10
  • 2
  • 10
High resolution composite--
Flash
Built-in flash++
Flash modes
  • auto
  • auto red-eye correction
  • fe lock
  • flash off
  • flash on
  • red-eye reduction
  • slow synchro
  • smart flash
  • auto
  • auto + redeye
  • flash off
  • flash on
  • on + redeye
  • slow sync
  • slow sync + redeye
Flash range descriptionAuto ISO: 1.6 - 23 ft. (W), 4.6 - 9.8 ft. (T), (50 cm - 7.0 m (W), 1.4 - 3.0 m (T))30 ft (wide, auto ISO), 17 ft (tele, auto ISO)
Max flash sync (s)1/2000-
Flash exposure compensation+/- 2.0 EV in 0.3EV steps-
External flash connectionHot-Shoe (E-TTL)-
Usable memory types
  • sd
  • sdhc
  • sdx
  • sd
  • sdh
Dual card slots--
Raw capture support--
Included memory (MB)-31
Included memory type-Internal
Connectivity
Built-in wi-fi--
NFC--
Bluetooth--
Built-in gps--
Microphone jack--
Headphone jack--
External connections
  • usb 2.0 high speed
  • usb 2.0 high speed
Pictbridge compliant+-
Dpof compliant++
Remote control--
Connections (extended)
  • mini hdmi
  • hdmi out (type d)
Performance Timing
Max cycle time for jpeg shooting (s/frame)2.563.25
Camera penalizes early shutter press--
Jpeg shooting speed in burst mode (max resolution) (fps)10.301.20
Buffer size for jpeg shooting in burst mode (max resolution) (frames)89
Shutter lag (full af, wide/mid) (s)0.460.65
Shutter lag (full af, tele) (s)0.580.62
Shutter lag (prefocused) (s)0.120.01
Startup time (s)2.602.90
Play -> record time (s)1.90-
Flash cycle time, full power (s)5.406.50
Power
Battery life, stills (cipa rating monitor/live view) (shots)380255
Battery form factorProprietary NB-10LProprietary D-LI106
Usable battery types
  • lithium-ion rechargeable
  • lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries included1 x Proprietary NB-10L Lithium-ion rechargeable1 x Proprietary D-LI106 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery charger included (dedicated charger or ac/usb adapter)++
Software
Included software
  • digital camera solution cd-rom
  • software cd-rom s-sw87
Os compatibility
  • windows 7 / 7 sp1 / vista sp2 / xp sp3 mac os x v10.5 - 10.6
  • windows xp/vista/7; mac os x 10.3.9+
Miscellaneous
Notes and featuresIntelligent Image Stabilization, DIGIC 5 Processor, Full HD 1080p Videos, High-Speed Burst HQ (10.3fps at full resolution).Sensor-shift Shake Reduction, 720p HD Movies, HDMI Output, Continuous Mode up to 11 fps at 5MP.



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