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Aliases: Dutch East Indies, Netherlands East Indies, Republic of Indonesia, Republik Indonesia

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Attribute Value
Area 1,904,569 km²
Continent Asia
Land area 1,811,569 km²
Water area 93,000 km²
Land boundaries 2,958 km
Border countries
  • Malaysia
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Timor-Leste
Coastline 54,716 km
Mean elevation 367 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 4,884 m
Population 267,026,366
Official languages
  • Bahasa Indonesia
Religion Muslim
Long country name Republic of Indonesia
Short country name Indonesia
Long local name Republik Indonesia
Short local name Indonesia
Former name
  • Dutch East Indies
  • Netherlands East Indies
Government type Presidential republic
Capital Jakarta
GDP (PPP) 3,250,000,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 1,015,000,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 5.1 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 12,400 USD
Gross national saving 31.7 % of GDP
Labor force 125,000,000
Unemployment rate 5.4 %
Population below poverty line 10.9 %
Budget revenues 131,700,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 159,600,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 0.72 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 13 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -2.7 % of GDP
Public debt 28.8 % of GDP
Inflation rate 3.8 %
Central bank discount rate 6.37 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 11.07 %
Stock of narrow money 102,700,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 102,700,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 422,400,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 523,800,000,000 USD
Current account balance -17,330,000,000 USD
Exports 168,900,000,000 USD
Imports 150,100,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 130,200,000,000 USD
External debt 344,400,000,000 USD
National currency Indonesian rupiah
National currency (code) IDR
National currency (symbol) Rp
National currency rate to USD 13

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President SOEKARNO declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy." After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged communist sympathizers, SOEKARNO was gradually eased from power. From 1967 until 1998, President SUHARTO ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" government. After street protests toppled SUHARTO in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

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There was one edit, no edits waiting approval. Last edited by everette34(9367), Sep 16, 2019 (65 fields were changed)
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