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Aliases: India/Bharat, Republic of India, Republic of India/Bharatiya Ganarajya

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Object «India» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 3,287,263 km²
Continent Asia
Land area 2,973,193 km²
Water area 314,070 km²
Land boundaries 13,888 km
Border countries
  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Burma
  • China
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
Coastline 7,000 km
Mean elevation 160 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 8,586 m
Population 1,326,093,247
Official languages
  • Hindi
Religion Hindu
Long country name Republic of India
Short country name India
Long local name Republic of India/Bharatiya Ganarajya
Short local name India/Bharat
Former name Add
Government type Federal parliamentary republic
Capital New Delhi
GDP (PPP) 9,474,000,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 2,602,000,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 6.7 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 7,200 USD
Gross national saving 28.8 % of GDP
Labor force 521,900,000
Unemployment rate 8.5 %
Population below poverty line 21.9 %
Budget revenues 238,200,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 329,000,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 2.04 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 9.2 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -3.5 % of GDP
Public debt 71.2 % of GDP
Inflation rate 3.6 %
Central bank discount rate 6 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 9.51 %
Stock of narrow money 451,500,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 451,500,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 1,927,000,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,516,000,000,000 USD
Current account balance -48,660,000,000 USD
Exports 304,100,000,000 USD
Imports 452,200,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 409,800,000,000 USD
External debt 501,600,000,000 USD
National currency Indian rupees
National currency (code) INR
National currency (symbol)
National currency rate to USD 65.17

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty, which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent and India was seen as the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighboring countries have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 emboldened Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. India faces pressing problems such as environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption; however, economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in 1991, a massive youthful population, and a strategic geographic location are contributing to India's emergence as a regional and global power.

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