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Aliases: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Jamhuryat Islami Pakistan, West Pakistan

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Object «Pakistan» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 796,095 km²
Continent Asia
Land area 770,875 km²
Water area 25,220 km²
Land boundaries 7,257 km
Border countries
  • Afghanistan
  • China
  • India
  • Iran
Coastline 1,046 km
Mean elevation 900 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 8,611 m
Population 233,500,636
Official languages
  • Punjabi
Religion Muslim
Long country name Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Short country name Pakistan
Long local name Jamhuryat Islami Pakistan
Short local name Pakistan
Former name
  • West Pakistan
Government type Federal parliamentary republic
Capital Islamabad
GDP (PPP) 1,061,000,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 305,000,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 5.4 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 5,400 USD
Gross national saving 12 % of GDP
Labor force 63,890,000
Unemployment rate 6 %
Population below poverty line 29.5 %
Budget revenues 46,810,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 64,490,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 4.03 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 15.4 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -5.8 % of GDP
Public debt 67 % of GDP
Inflation rate 4.1 %
Central bank discount rate 5.75 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 6.98 %
Stock of narrow money 109,900,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 109,900,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 155,900,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 43,680,000,000 USD
Current account balance -12,440,000,000 USD
Exports 32,880,000,000 USD
Imports 53,110,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 18,460,000,000 USD
External debt 82,190,000,000 USD
National currency Pakistani rupees
National currency (code) PKR
National currency (symbol)
National currency rate to USD 105.1

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5,000 years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. During the second millennium B.C., remnants of this culture fused with the migrating Indo-Aryan peoples. The area underwent successive invasions in subsequent centuries from the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Arabs (who brought Islam), Afghans, and Turks. The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; the British came to dominate the region in the 18th century. The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with West and East sections) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars and a limited conflict - in 1947-48, 1965, and 1999 respectively - over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 - in which India assisted an indigenous movement reacting to the marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in mid-1998. India-Pakistan relations improved in the mid-2000s but have been rocky since the November 2008 Mumbai attacks and have been further strained by attacks in India by militants believed to be based in Pakistan. Imran KHAN took office as prime minister in 2018 after the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) party won a plurality of seats in the July 2018 general elections. Pakistan has been engaged in a decades-long armed conflict with militant groups that target government institutions and civilians, including the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and other militant networks.

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