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Aliases: Polish People's Republic, Polska, Republic of Poland, Rzeczpospolita Polska

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Object «Poland» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 312,685 km²
Continent Europe
Land area 304,255 km²
Water area 8,430 km²
Land boundaries 3,071 km
Border countries
  • Belarus
  • Czech Republic
  • Germany
  • Lithuania
  • Russia
  • Slovakia
  • Ukraine
Coastline 440 km
Mean elevation 173 m
Lowest point -2 m
Highest point 2,499 m
Population 38,282,325
Official languages
  • Polish
Religion Catholic
Long country name Republic of Poland
Short country name Poland
Long local name Rzeczpospolita Polska
Short local name Polska
Former name
  • Polish People's Republic
Government type Parliamentary republic
Capital Warsaw
GDP (PPP) 1,126,000,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 524,800,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 4.7 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 29,600 USD
Gross national saving 20 % of GDP
Labor force 17,600,000
Unemployment rate 4.9 %
Population below poverty line 17.6 %
Budget revenues 207,500,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 216,200,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 2 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 39.5 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -1.7 % of GDP
Public debt 50.6 % of GDP
Inflation rate 2 %
Central bank discount rate 1.5 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.8 %
Stock of narrow money 260,400,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 260,400,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 419,700,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 397,000,000,000 USD
Current account balance 1,584,000,000 USD
Exports 224,600,000,000 USD
Imports 223,800,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 113,300,000,000 USD
External debt 241,000,000,000 USD
National currency zlotych
National currency (code) PLN
National currency (symbol)
National currency rate to USD 3.748

Poland's history as a state began near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in Central and Eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force with over 10 million members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed and with large investments in defense, energy, and other infrastructure, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

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There were 2 edits, no edits waiting approval. Last edited by Guest_1196(-101), May 26, 2020 (51 fields were changed)
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