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Aliases: Republic of Colombia, Republica de Colombia

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Object «Colombia» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 1,138,910 km²
Continent South America
Land area 1,038,700 km²
Water area 100,210 km²
Land boundaries 6,672 km
Border countries
  • Brazil
  • Ecuador
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Venezuela
Coastline 3,208 km
Mean elevation 593 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 5,730 m
Population 49,084,841
Official languages
  • Spanish
Religion Roman Catholic
Long country name Republic of Colombia
Short country name Colombia
Long local name Republica de Colombia
Short local name Colombia
Former name Add
Government type Presidential republic
Capital Bogota
GDP (PPP) 711,600,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 314,500,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 1.8 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 14,400 USD
Gross national saving 18.9 % of GDP
Labor force 25,760,000
Unemployment rate 9.3 %
Population below poverty line 28 %
Budget revenues 83,350,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 91,730,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 3.5 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 26.5 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -2.7 % of GDP
Public debt 49.4 % of GDP
Inflation rate 4.3 %
Central bank discount rate 4.75 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 13.69 %
Stock of narrow money 36,370,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 36,370,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 173,700,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 85,960,000,000 USD
Current account balance -10,360,000,000 USD
Exports 39,480,000,000 USD
Imports 44,240,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 47,130,000,000 USD
External debt 124,600,000,000 USD
National currency Colombian pesos
National currency (code) COP
National currency (symbol) $
National currency rate to USD 2

Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged after the dissolution of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A decades-long conflict between government forces, paramilitaries, and antigovernment insurgent groups heavily funded by the drug trade, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former United Self Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) paramilitaries demobilized by the end of 2006, and the AUC as a formal organization ceased to operate. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, illegal armed groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. After four years of formal peace negotiations, the Colombian Government signed a final peace accord with the FARC in November 2016, which was subsequently ratified by the Colombian Congress. The accord calls for members of the FARC to demobilize, disarm, and reincorporate into society and politics. The accord also committed the Colombian Government to create three new institutions to form a 'comprehensive system for truth, justice, reparation, and non-repetition,' to include a truth commission, a special unit to coordinate the search for those who disappeared during the conflict, and a 'Special Jurisdiction for Peace' to administer justice for conflict-related crimes. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to expand its presence into every one of its administrative departments. Despite decades of internal conflict and drug-related security challenges, Colombia maintains relatively strong democratic institutions characterized by peaceful, transparent elections and the protection of civil liberties.

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There was one edit, no edits waiting approval. Last edited by avery54(9375), Sep 16, 2019 (62 fields were changed)
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