Guyana [+]Compare [E]dit [H]istory

Aliases: British Guiana, Cooperative Republic of Guyana

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Object «Guyana» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 214,969 km²
Continent South America
Land area 196,849 km²
Water area 18,120 km²
Land boundaries 2,933 km
Border countries
  • Brazil
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
Coastline 459 km
Mean elevation 207 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 2,775 m
Population 750,204
Official languages
  • English
Religion Protestant
Long country name Cooperative Republic of Guyana
Short country name Guyana
Long local name Add
Short local name Add
Former name
  • British Guiana
Government type Parliamentary republic
Capital Georgetown
GDP (PPP) 6,301,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 3,561,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 2.1 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 8,100 USD
Gross national saving 10.5 % of GDP
Labor force 313,800
Unemployment rate 11.1 %
Population below poverty line 35 %
Budget revenues 1,002,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 1,164,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 1.69 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 28.1 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -4.5 % of GDP
Public debt 52.2 % of GDP
Inflation rate 2 %
Central bank discount rate 5.5 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 13 %
Stock of narrow money 758,400,000 USD
Stock of broad money 758,400,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 1,903,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 610,900,000 USD
Current account balance -237,000,000 USD
Exports 1,439,000,000 USD
Imports 1,626,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 565,400,000 USD
External debt 1,690,000,000 USD
National currency Guyanese dollars
National currency (code) GYD
National currency (symbol) $
National currency rate to USD 207

Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to settlement of urban areas by former slaves and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was elected in 2001 and again in 2006. Early elections held in May 2015 resulted in the first change in governing party and the replacement of President Donald RAMOTAR by current President David GRANGER. After a December 2018 no-confidence vote against the GRANGER government, national elections will be held before the scheduled spring 2020 date.

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There was one edit, no edits waiting approval. Last edited by jmcdermott(9391), Sep 16, 2019 (61 fields were changed)
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