Estonia [+]Compare [E]dit [H]istory

Aliases: Eesti, Eesti Vabariik, Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, Republic of Estonia

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Object «Estonia» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 45,228 km²
Continent Europe
Land area 42,388 km²
Water area 2,840 km²
Land boundaries 657 km
Border countries
  • Latvia
  • Russia
Coastline 3,794 km
Mean elevation 61 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 318 m
Population 1,228,624
Official languages
  • Estonian
Religion Orthodox
Long country name Republic of Estonia
Short country name Estonia
Long local name Eesti Vabariik
Short local name Eesti
Former name
  • Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Government type Parliamentary republic
Capital Tallinn
GDP (PPP) 41,650,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 25,970,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 4.9 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 31,700 USD
Gross national saving 27 % of GDP
Labor force 670,200
Unemployment rate 5.8 %
Population below poverty line 21.1 %
Budget revenues 10,370,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 10,440,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 2.14 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 39.9 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -0.3 % of GDP
Public debt 9 % of GDP
Inflation rate 3.7 %
Central bank discount rate 0 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.2 %
Stock of narrow money 14,780,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 14,780,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 24,250,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 3,102,000,000 USD
Current account balance 809,000,000 USD
Exports 13,440,000,000 USD
Imports 14,420,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 345,000,000 USD
External debt 19,050,000,000 USD
National currency euros
National currency (code) EUR
National currency (symbol)
National currency rate to USD 0.92

After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the West. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004, formally joined the OECD in late 2010, and adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2011.

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There was one edit, no edits waiting approval. Last edited by everette34(9367), Sep 16, 2019 (65 fields were changed)
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