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Aliases: Portuguese Republic, Republica Portuguesa

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Object «Portugal» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 92,090 km²
Continent Europe
Land area 91,470 km²
Water area 620 km²
Land boundaries 1,224 km
Border countries
  • Spain
Coastline 1,793 km
Mean elevation 372 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 2,351 m
Population 10,302,674
Official languages
  • Mirandese
  • Portuguese
Religion Roman Catholic
Long country name Portuguese Republic
Short country name Portugal
Long local name Republica Portuguesa
Short local name Portugal
Former name Add
Government type Semi-presidential republic
Capital Lisbon
GDP (PPP) 314,100,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 218,000,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 2.7 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 30,500 USD
Gross national saving 16.8 % of GDP
Labor force 5,233,000
Unemployment rate 8.9 %
Population below poverty line 19 %
Budget revenues 93,550,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 100,000,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 1.52 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 42.9 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -3 % of GDP
Public debt 125.7 % of GDP
Inflation rate 1.6 %
Central bank discount rate 0 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 3.21 %
Stock of narrow money 106,800,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 106,800,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 356,800,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 59,840,000,000 USD
Current account balance 993,000,000 USD
Exports 61,000,000,000 USD
Imports 74,730,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 26,110,000,000 USD
External debt 449,000,000,000 USD
National currency euros
National currency (code) EUR
National currency (symbol)
National currency rate to USD 0.885

Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil, its wealthiest colony, in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, and for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

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