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Germany [+]Compare [E]dit [H]istory

Aliases: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Deutschland, Federal Republic of Germany, German Reich

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Object «Germany» has attributes

Attribute Value
Geography
Area 357,022 km²
Continent Europe
Land area 348,672 km²
Water area 8,350 km²
Land boundaries 3,714 km
Border countries
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Switzerland
Coastline 2,389 km
Mean elevation 263 m
Lowest point -3 m
Highest point 2,963 m
People
Population 80,159,662
Official languages
  • German
Religion Roman Catholic
Government
Long country name Federal Republic of Germany
Short country name Germany
Long local name Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Short local name Deutschland
Former name
  • German Reich
Government type Federal parliamentary republic
Capital Berlin
Economy
GDP (PPP) 4,199,000,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 3,701,000,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 2.5 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 50,800 USD
Gross national saving 28 % of GDP
Labor force 45,900,000
Unemployment rate 3.8 %
Population below poverty line 16.7 %
Budget revenues 1,665,000,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 1,619,000,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 1.38 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 45 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit 1.3 % of GDP
Public debt 63.9 % of GDP
Inflation rate 1.7 %
Central bank discount rate 0 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 1.67 %
Stock of narrow money 2,453,000,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 2,453,000,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 5,033,000,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,716,000,000,000 USD
Current account balance 291,000,000,000 USD
Exports 1,434,000,000,000 USD
Imports 1,135,000,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 200,100,000,000 USD
External debt 5,326,000,000,000 USD
National currency euros
National currency (code) EUR
National currency (symbol)
National currency rate to USD 0.885

As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating world wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key western economic and security organizations, the EC (now the EU) and NATO, while the communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German reunification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring eastern productivity and wages up to western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro.

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