Senegal [+]Compare [E]dit [H]istory

Aliases: Mali Federation, Republic of Senegal, Republique du Senegal, Senegambia (along with The Gambia)

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Object «Senegal» has attributes

Attribute Value
Area 196,722 km²
Continent Africa
Land area 192,530 km²
Water area 4,192 km²
Land boundaries 2,684 km
Border countries
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • The Gambia
Coastline 531 km
Mean elevation 69 m
Lowest point 0 m
Highest point 648 m
Population 15,736,368
Official languages
  • French
Religion Muslim
Long country name Republic of Senegal
Short country name Senegal
Long local name Republique du Senegal
Short local name Senegal
Former name
  • Mali Federation
  • Senegambia (along with The Gambia)
Government type Presidential republic
Capital Dakar
GDP (PPP) 54,800,000,000 USD
GDP (OER) 21,110,000,000 USD
GDP (real growth rate) 7.2 %
GDP - per capita (PPP) 3,500 USD
Gross national saving 21.2 % of GDP
Labor force 6,966,000
Unemployment rate 48 %
Population below poverty line 46.7 %
Budget revenues 4,139,000,000 USD
Budget expenditures 4,900,000,000 USD
Military expenditures 1.38 % of GDP
Taxes and other revenues 19.6 % of GDP
Budget surplus or deficit -3.6 % of GDP
Public debt 48.3 % of GDP
Inflation rate 1.3 %
Central bank discount rate 0.25 %
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.4 %
Stock of narrow money 5,944,000,000 USD
Stock of broad money 5,944,000,000 USD
Stock of domestic credit 6,695,000,000 USD
Market value of publicly traded shares Add
Current account balance -1,547,000,000 USD
Exports 2,362,000,000 USD
Imports 5,217,000,000 USD
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,827,000,000 USD
External debt 8,571,000,000 USD
National currency Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
National currency (code) XOF
National currency (symbol) Add
National currency rate to USD 617.4

The French colonies of Senegal and French Sudan were merged in 1959 and granted independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. The union broke up after only a few months. Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. The envisaged integration of the two countries was never implemented, and the union was dissolved in 1989. The Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance has led a low-level separatist insurgency in southern Senegal since the 1980s. Several attempts at reaching a comprehensive peace agreement have failed to resolve the conflict but, despite sporadic incidents of violence, an unofficial cease-fire has remained largely in effect since 2012. Senegal remains one of the most stable democracies in Africa and has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping and regional mediation. Senegal was ruled by the Socialist Party of Senegal, first under President Léopold Sédar SENGHOR, and then President Abdou DIOUF, for 40 years until Abdoulaye WADE was elected president in 2000. He was re-elected in 2007 and during his two terms amended Senegal's constitution over a dozen times to increase executive power and weaken the opposition. His decision to run for a third presidential term sparked a large public backlash that led to his defeat in a March 2012 runoff with Macky SALL. A 2016 constitutional referendum reduced the term to five years with a maximum of two consecutive terms for future presidents - the change did not apply to SALL's first term. SALL won his bid for re-election in February 2019; his term will end in 2024. A month after the election, the National Assembly voted to abolish the office of the prime minister. Opposition organizations and civil society have criticized the decision as a further concentration of power in the executive branch at the expense of the legislative and judicial branches.

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